Proposed Financing for the Hudson Yards Project East of 11th Avenue

December 15, 2004. Testimony before the NYC Council Committee on Finance. Testimony >>

Low-wage New York workers deserve a raise

November 29, 2004. A letter to the editor by FPI’s senior economist, Trudi Renwick, Albany Times Union.

Your Nov. 12 editorial about the rise of poverty among working families in New York correctly pointed out that one solution to this problem would be an increase in the state’s minimum wage.

In July, both the Senate and Assembly passed a bill to increase the state’s minimum wage.

The bill, which would have established a state minimum wage of $6 per hour on Jan. 1, $6.75 per hour on Jan. 1, 2006, and $7.15 per hour on Jan. 1, 2007, was vetoed by Gov. Pataki last summer. The Assembly acted quickly to override the veto this summer. The Senate has the opportunity to do the same.

The editorial urging an increase in the minimum wage was a response to the Time Union’s Nov. 11 story (“Workers struggle to make ends meet”) describing a new report documenting the plight of New York’s working poor. This report, “Between Hope and Hard Times: Working Poor Families in New York” estimated that 70,000 people live in poverty in and around New York’s capital.

Based on available census and tax data, we estimate that one in six Capital Region workers would benefit from the increase in the state minimum wage now before the Senate. Of the 1.2 million New York workers who would benefit from this increase in the state’s minimum wage (about 700,000 directly and 500,000 indirectly), almost 60,000 live in Albany, Saratoga, Schenectady and Rensselaer counties.

Statewide, over 80 percent of those who would benefit from an increased minimum wage are adults. More than half of these workers are employed full time. Potential beneficiaries are responsible for more than half their families’ total earnings and 38 percent of the families depend entirely on the earnings of these low-wage workers to survive.

New York should join the 14 other states that have increased their minimum wages, including three of our neighboring states — Massachusetts, Connecticut, Vermont — and two states, Nevada and Florida, where voters on Nov. 2 passed referenda to increase their state minimum wages.

New York workers also deserve a raise.

Social Security Keeps More than 800,000 Elderly New Yorkers Out of Poverty

November 18, 2004. Pooling the three most recent years of data from the Census Bureau’s Current Population Survey, this issue of Fiscal Policy Note$estimates poverty rates with and without Social Security benefits for the elderly in New York.

New York State Minimum Wage Increase: Myth vs Reality

November 18, 2004. The newest issue of Fiscal Policy Note$ debunks four myths about increases in the minimum wage.

New York Workers Who Would Benefit from an Increase in the NYS Minimum Wage to $7.15 per Hour

November 18, 2004. New analysis from FPI: county by county estimates.

Calculating the Cost of a Sound Basic Education

November 17, 2004. A supplemental affidavit submitted by FPI to the three court-appointed referees in the landmark school funding adequacy case (Campaign for Fiscal Equity vs. New York State). This supplemental affidavit and an earlier October 26, 2004 affidavit were prepared in response to questions from the referees regarding regional cost indices, the state government’s “cost effectiveness” filter and weightings for poverty and other special needs. In these affidavits, Mauro responds to questions from the referees regarding regional cost indices, the “cost effectiveness” filter and the student weightings implicit in the AIR/MAP costing out study.

Women’s Economic Security in New York

November 12, 2004. Presentation prepared for the Policy Summit for Women Elected to New York State’s County and City Governments, sponsored by the  Susan B. Anthony Center for Women’s Leadership at the University of Rochester. Also see: Fact Sheet on NY Women’s Economic Security.

New York Women Who Would Benefit from An Increase in the NYS Minimum Wage to $7.15 per Hour

November 12, 2004. More than 700,000 across the state. By County >>

Early Investment in Kids = Huge Payoff to Taxpayers

October 19, 2004. New York press release:

A new study being released today by the Economic Policy Institute finds that increased federal and state investments in comprehensive high quality early childhood development programs would more than pay for themselves – generating more than $2 in returns to taxpayers for every $1 invested. The overall economic benefits would be even greater – more than $8 in benefits to society for each $1 invested.

The report, Exceptional Returns: Economic, Fiscal, and Social Benefits of Investment in Early Childhood Development, also finds that investing in the health and education of 3 and 4 years olds will eventually produce significant increases in economic productivity and the rate of economic growth, while reducing both the public costs and the personal burdens of remedial education, welfare, crime, and widespread poverty.

The author of the report, Dr. Robert G. Lynch, is the Chair of the Economics Department at Washington College in Chestertown, Maryland. Earlier in his career, Lynch was a professor of economics at SUNY Cortland and the chair of that college’s Economics Department. The full report is available on the Economic Policy Institute’s website at

According to Dr. Trudi Renwick, a Senior Economist with the Fiscal Policy Institute in Latham, New York, “This report’s findings are particularly important for New York State where the child poverty rate was 19.9% in 2003. The most recent data from the Census Bureau shows that almost one million of New York’s children are living in poverty.”

Renwick said that “The new report shows clearly that our failure to invest in the healthy development of young children leads to enormous problems, especially for poor kids –and enormous costs to taxpayers and society — as they go through school, and then enter the workforce (or often the criminal justice system) unprepared to be productive workers and citizens. But the report’s findings point to a hopeful future by documenting that intelligent investments in our youngest children would greatly reduce child poverty while improving our state and local governments’ financial situations, reducing crime, and helping our economy to grow.”

The new report examined the costs and benefits of a nation-wide program that would provide poor 3 and 4 year-old children (20% of all 3 and 4 year-olds in New York) with a high quality comprehensive program of early childhood development. While such a program would initially cost about $19 billion a year, it would generate substantial offsetting benefits by

  • reducing the amount of money that we spend on remedial and special education, the criminal justice system, and welfare benefits; and
  • increasing the income earned and the taxes paid back to society.

The net result, according to the report, is that within about 25 years, the offsetting annual budget savings (for all levels of government combined) would reach $31 billion (in 2004 dollars). And within about 45 years, the annual budgetary benefits would more than double the costs of the program, and the net budget savings would reach $61 billion (in 2004 dollars).

The report demonstrates that the young children we invest in today will become more productive workers, make higher income and pay more taxes in the future. That will strengthen our public finances and raise contributions into the Social Security and Medicare system, enhancing the solvency of these programs just as our public retirement system is expected to need more revenues.

The report also finds that, in addition to the returns to taxpayers, investing in poor young children is likely to have an enormously positive impact on the overall economy –

  • raising the Gross Domestic Product
  • improving the skills of our workforce
  • reducing poverty
  • strengthening the global competitiveness of the U.S. economy, and
  • reducing crime rates and the heavy costs of criminality to society.

“New York’s persistently high child poverty rate is an indicator of our failure to invest adequately in our children,” said Trudi Renwick of Fiscal Policy Institute. “This groundbreaking report shows that basic things like nutrition, health care, pre-K education, and programs to prepare and support parents are not only good for kids, they provide a real return to the taxpayers. If the federal and state governments fail to act on its findings, our whole country – not just the children involved – will suffer economically and socially.”


No Funding, No Fairness: The State of Our Schools in 2004

October 4, 2004. This new report by the Public Policy and Education Fund (PPEF) shows that little if any progress was made in 2004 and 2005 with respect toward one of the most critical issues facing New York’s educational system: the failure to adequately tie state school aid funding levels to student needs and district funding capacity.

The report debunks several of the myths surrounding the educational funding reform movement. In contrast to what some may say – that only a small number of districts would benefit from funding reform – the analysis shows that 55 of the 57 counties in the state, as well as New York City, would have received more state education funding if the CFE Plan had been enacted than they actually received in 2004-2005.

This report is third in a series of reports that analyze the impact of state policy decisions on school districts and school children across the State of New York. (See the State of Our Schools and the State of Our Schools Part 2, both from 2002.) The report was written by Bob Cohen of PPEF based on data, tables, and charts provided by Frank Mauro of FPI. Both PPEF and FPI are members of the Alliance for Quality Education.

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