September 5, 2010. While New York and the nation have begun to see some modest job growth, unemployment rates remain unacceptably high and recovery is not yet helping most New York workers. New York is hardly unique; from December 2007 through December 2009, the state lost 250,000 jobs, a 2.8 percent job decline. Forty states had even worse job performance over that period. Those with managerial/professional occupations are earning more in New York City, while those in non-managerial/non-professional occupations are earning less. Both groups are making less in areas outside the city. The State of Working New York 2010 is the latest of FPI’s examinations of the conditions facing workers and working families in New York State.
FPI’s State of Working New York series, published biennially since 1999, provides comprehensive and up-to-date analysis of the data available on the conditions facing workers and working families in New York State.
New York starting to see job growth but not yet recovery
High unemployment persists, most states fare far worse than New York
While New York and the nation have begun to see some modest job growth, unemployment rates remain unacceptably high and recovery is not yet helping most New York workers, according to the latest annual report on the state of New York’s economy released today by the Fiscal Policy Institute (FPI), a nonpartisan research and education organization.
Most of New York’s job growth has taken place in New York City which experienced a net employment increase of 67,000 during the first seven months of 2010. It is estimated that the rest of the state – the New York City suburbs and upstate – saw a net job gain of fewer than 10,000. One in every six New York workers is unemployed or underemployed, and half of the unemployed have been without work for more than six months. Despite the increase in jobs and the decline in the unemployment rate, first time unemployment insurance claims data for the months of May through July indicate that two years after the recession started in New York, workers are still losing jobs at a pace thirty percent greater than before the recession.
“You can hardly call this a recovery if one-and-a-half million New Yorkers are unemployed or underemployed and if the overwhelming majority of those lucky enough to hold onto their jobs have seen their weekly earnings shrink as a result of the recession,” said James Parrott, the Fiscal Policy Institute’s Deputy Director and Chief Economist. Parrott attributed the dismal earnings trend to the impact of prolonged high unemployment that reduces the bargaining power of workers in securing better wages.
In New York City, there has been a sharp divergence in wage trends with those in managerial/professional occupations experiencing median weekly earnings growth of 9.5 percent between the first half of 2007 and the first half of 2010, while weekly earnings for workers in non-managerial/non-professional occupations fell by 4.3 percent. Outside of the city in the suburbs and upstate, both managerial/professional and non-managerial/non-professional workers experienced an erosion in weekly earnings (decreases of 1.0 percent and 5.9 percent, respectively.)
From December 2007 – the start of the national recession – through December 2009, New York lost 250,000 jobs. This 2.8 percent job decline for New York meant that 40 states had even worse job performance over that period. New York’s 11 upstate metro areas experienced smaller job losses than most of the 365 metro areas in the U.S. The report noted that this certainly does not mean that upstate New York areas were spared the recession’s devastating effects, only that New York was hit a lot less hard than most parts of the country.
Pointing to the relatively better job and per capita income growth performance for upstate metro areas, FPI’s Executive Director Frank Mauro stated, “Claims that state and local government spending patterns or high taxes here are holding back New York’s economic growth are often just that, claims that are not substantiated by credible economic analysis. Given the effects of the Great Recession in reducing employment and undercutting state and local tax revenues, New York’s economic and budget challenges are far from unique.”
Other highlights from the FPI report include:
- New York’s recession job losses have been greatest in manufacturing (70,000), finance (50,000), construction (46,000), state and local government (40,000), and retail (39,000).
- Private educational services and health care and social assistance have added jobs in New York over the past two years at nearly identical rates as seen for the nation as a whole.
- Unemployment rates are higher among men, blacks and Hispanics in New York. The broader unemployment rate that factors in discouraged workers and the underemployed was 21-to-25 percent for blacks and Hispanics in New York City and in the rest of the state during the first half of 2010.
- Major forecasts foresee weak economic and job growth and continued high unemployment through 2011. It is doubtful whether New York City, where most of the state’s 2010 job growth has occurred, can sustain that growth if national economic and job growth remain tepid.
Parrott noted that the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) likely saved or created 200,000 jobs in New York. He stated, “The Recovery Act helps explain why New York’s job loss from the Great Recession was much less than had been feared in late 2008 in the immediate wake of the September 2008 financial market collapse.” Parrott continued, “The Recovery Act was critical in rescuing an economy that was headed off a cliff in late 2008. However, by itself it has not been sufficient to generate a sustained recovery. Policy makers need to focus again on spurring aggregate demand and creating private sector jobs, averting economy-shrinking cuts in state budgets, and investing in productivity-enhancing infrastructure, particularly such areas as mass transit.”