Tax & Budget

7 Fiscal Policy Recommendations as the Budget Approaches

With New York State’s fiscal year 2024 budget due April 1, 2024, the Governor and Legislature are nearing the end of negotiations on key policy priorities and the scale of new investments in public services. This brief provides an overview of FPI’s recommendations on major fiscal policy areas at issue in budget negotiations.

2023-09-06T13:52:14-04:00April 19th, 2023|State Budget, Tax Policy|

Overview of Fiscal Year 2024 Executive vs Legislative Budget Proposals

The fiscal year 2024 Executive Budget limits spending growth to 2.0 percent, with new spending concentrated in Medicaid and School Aid. In contrast, the Assembly proposes budget growth of 5.9 percent, reflecting additional investments in the MTA, SUNY and CUNY, and assistance for low-income renters, paid for through increased taxes on multimillionaires and corporations.

2023-09-06T13:53:21-04:00March 29th, 2023|State Budget, Tax Policy|

The True Cost of Tuition Hikes on SUNY & CUNY Students

The Governor’s executive budget for fiscal year 2024 aims to increase funding for New York State’s public university system, in part through sharp tuition increases. For the State University of New York’s (SUNY) four university centers, the tuition increases could result in a 51 percent tuition increase over five years. Tuition hikes of this size would represent a generational shift in New York State’s higher education landscape, moving its public universities from among the most accessible in the U.S. to among the most expensive. In doing so, these hikes could jeopardize the universities’ role as engines of upward economic mobility.

2023-09-08T10:17:20-04:00March 29th, 2023|Education, State Budget|

The Cost of New Property Tax Breaks for Local Government

Tackling New York State’s housing crisis is a central priority of the fiscal year 2024 executive budget. The budget proposes a suite of policy responses designed to create 800,000 new housing units, especially in the New York metropolitan area. Many of these measures, including required changes to local land use policy, are appropriately ambitious, given the urgency of the state’s housing shortfall.

2023-09-08T10:19:00-04:00March 29th, 2023|City Budget, State Budget, Tax Policy|

Tax Policy Brief: Estimating Revenue from a More Progressive Income Tax

New York’s budget is largely funded through the state’s personal income tax (PIT). Between 2015 and 2020, state revenue from the personal income tax totaled between $47 billion and $55 billion annually. In 2021, the New York state legislature voted to create new PIT brackets for individuals earning over $1 million annually. This change created a more progressive state income tax system, so that those who earn more pay a larger share of their income in taxes.

2023-09-08T10:20:46-04:00March 10th, 2023|State Budget, Tax Policy|

Fact vs Fiction: The Truth About New York’s Corporate Tax

March 8, 2023 Most businesses do not pay the corporate tax. Only corporations pay the corporate tax, and approximately 95% of businesses are not corporations. [1] Most businesses are partnerships, LLCs, S-corporations, or sole proprietorships, none of which pay the corporate tax. The biggest corporations pay most of the tax. More than 80% of corporations in New York pay less than $1,000 in tax. [2] Around 75% of all New York corporate tax revenue comes from the 500 most [...]

2023-09-08T11:05:11-04:00March 7th, 2023|Fact Sheets, Migration, Tax Policy|

Tax Policy Brief: Revenue Impact of Higher State Taxes on Capital Gains

In this brief we evaluate three options for increasing the New York State tax rate on long-term capital gains. The options assessed here include: (1) a low surtax rate of 1% and 2%, (2) moderate surtaxes of 2% and 4%, and (3) surtaxes of 7.5% and 15%, as proposed in bill S2162/A2576 sponsored by Senator Gustavo Rivera and Assembly Member Ron Kim.

2023-09-08T10:24:44-04:00February 6th, 2023|State Budget, Tax Policy|

FPI Statement on FY 2024 Executive Budget

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE: February 1, 2023 Media Contact: FPI Statement on FY 2024 Executive Budget   "As we head into a possible recession, it is essential to invest in the public services that stabilize the quality of life and the cost of living for working New Yorkers" ALBANY, NY | February 1, 2023 — Fiscal Policy Institute Executive Director Nathan Gusdorf today issued the following statement: “While Governor Hochul’s budget recognizes the importance of [...]

2023-09-08T10:47:07-04:00February 2nd, 2023|Press Releases, State Budget, Tax Policy|

Fiscal Policy Institute on State of the State

In response to Governor Kathy Hochul’s 2023 State of the State, Fiscal Policy Institute Executive Director Nathan Gusdorf today issued the following statement: “In her State of the State, Governor Kathy Hochul laid out a wide-ranging agenda that identified many of the crises facing New Yorkers — but was silent on the need for new revenue. The Governor cannot deliver on an agenda to expand affordable housing and healthcare, strengthen our schools, and transition our state to a green economy without new funding. There is no credible vision to rebuild New York after Covid without new revenue."

2023-09-08T10:27:21-04:00January 10th, 2023|Press Releases, State Budget, Tax Policy|
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